What is SEO? How to do SEO? Step by Step SEO Guide for Beginners

In this digital world, smartphones educate vast audiences about the internet and online. In this mission, the contribution of a mobile app is remarkable. And in this App Era, users get all the information at a fingertip, as the Search Engines, Digital Marketing Channels, and other online platforms include the available online tools, applications, software, and so on made the things much smoother.

As a result, for all kinds of business industries tremendous competition as-built, things made more complexity in reaching the targeted audience. For this, optimizing the digital marketing channels more efficiently is the only marketing solution we got. Moreover, SEO is the base of all other online marketing channels, where most of the online businesses will approach SEO services for reaching the global audience via organic traffic.

If you are new to SEO, looking for instructions that help to procure knowledge about SEO. Have a glance to get a complete solution for your queries like what is SEO? How does it work? Also, have a look at Step by Step SEO Guide for Beginners.

What is SEO?

Well, the term SEO stands for Search Engine Optimization. It is the process involved to rank the website top in the organic SERP’s results for particular search terms called keywords used in Search Engines like Google, Yahoo, Bing, DuckDuckGo, and many others.

In other terms, SEO is the best practice to derive organic traffic to the website by improvising the ranking position in the SERP’s results issued by search engines.

The next query will be how does SEO able to provide users to acquire relevant information.

Basically, How Does it Works?

Search Engines and its algorithms are deliberately built to provide accurate information to online users by listing relevant web pages in their organic SERP’s results. To figure out the relevant web pages from the bunch of available web portals, they set certain parameters to identify the appropriate websites to show up as an accurate result for users based on search terms.

How search engines identify relevant websites? What are the quality measurements taken by the search engines to provide accurate search results for the search terms made by users?

The prior functionality initiated by search engines to recognize the website is relevant to the search term classified into various parameters. In that, the core functionality is Crawl, Index, and ON Page Optimization.


Crawling is the process that lets search engine spider called as Googlebot to fetch the given website data in the form of content discover by its URLs.


Indexing helps search engines to store the accumulate data and assemble it faster in the SERP’s results for the search queries.

ON Page Optimization

Website ON Page Optimization is the prior factor influences search engines to list the website for relevant search queries by optimizing a website with the necessary inputs like Meta tags, content, sitemap.xml/Html, robots.txt and other important parameters.

For providing accurate web pages to the users in organic SERP’s results for search queries, search engines introduce various algorithms like Penguin, Panda, Pigeon, Rank Brain and many more algorithms to evaluate the website is suitable to show up as search results for the search queries. As a quality measurement, search engines to improvise the SERP’s results it involves in introducing new algorithms.

How to do SEO? Or How to Optimize SEO?

Follow the step by step SEO beginner’s guidelines.

To stimulate the organization with powerful SEO performance. It is necessary to optimize the website as per the given instructions by a search engine to outrank.

In SEO it has been classified in to two segments i.e. ON Page and OFF Page SEO.


In On-Page SEO, the task is fully involved within the website. For outrank, it is necessary to optimize the required on-page factors, most essentially. The core aspect of ON Page SEO is as follows.

  • Keyword Research
  • Meta Tag Optimization
  • Website Content
  • Image Alt Tag

Before proceeding it to further optimization with the given inputs, let me clear you by mentioning the key important topics that every SEO folks likely to perform are business analysis, website analysis, competitor analysis, and keyword research.

Business Analysis

Business Analysis is the must-do object which helps to understand the organization and the type of business they are offering whether it is product-based or service-based. Because to perform website hierarchy and procure essential keywords that can optimize in ON Page SEO, knowing the business and the targeted audience helps to make better decisions.

Website Analysis

After understanding thoroughly about the business, the next step is to plan for the website along with hierarchy, URL suggestions, design, and other aspects. Once the website is come up as expected, straightway perform website audit by using the available tools like SEMrush, WooRank, SEO Site Checkup, and so on.

By performing a website audit, it’s easy to know the website status, whether it requires any further improvisation or not, which matters in SEO.

Competitor Analysis

Performing competitor analysis, with the help of available tools like SEMrush, Ahrefs, Alexa, and so on. We can acquire needy SEO information like traffic, backlinks, keywords, and many other useful insights.

Keyword Research

When it comes to keyword research, obtaining the above mention inputs along with utilizing the Google keyword planner tool will help to frame high search volume keywords.

High Search Volume Keywords = More reach + More visit + More Leads.

Meta Tag Optimization

With the listed keywords, prepare essential meta tags includes page title (limit to 60 – 65 Characters), description (limit to 160 – 300 characters), and meta keywords (maximum 5) and implement the same on the website.

Website Content

It is necessary to optimize website content more effectively. Because, when it comes to online and targeting a global audience the only weapon is available to convert the user is Website UI and the Content. The content should be useful for the audience at the same time it also contains targeted keywords.

Image Alt Tag

Usually, Search Engines and its crawling spider able to index only the content, not the images so, it is mandatory to give relevant title tags for the images, which helps to show the images in Image search results.


After the ON Page, the next important factor that should consider is OFF Page SEO. Typically, OFF Page SEO is fully involved in link building activities. To improvise the rankings of targeted keywords in the SERP’s results supposed to create high-quality backlinks.

How to create Backlinks?

To create backlinks to a specific landing page can approach the listed link building activities as follows.

  • Bookmarking Submission
  • Directory Submission
  • Business Listing
  • PPT/PDF Documentary Sites
  • Classified
  • Blogging
  • Image Sharing
  • Article Submission
  • Guest Blog
  • Video Submission
  • Forum Submission

If the website actively participates in both the ON Page and OFF Page SEO will rank higher in the SERP’s results.

We are happy that our content keep engages you up to here which means, it provides valid information. Hopefully, you got a solution for all your SEO queries that let easily to understand the other SEO inputs.